Thursday, 27 August 2015

Joe Lowry: Drama In The Atacama Desert - SQM, Chile And Lithium For Tesla Gigafactory.

 
 
 
   Joe Lowry continues his brilliant insights into the very opaque lithium maket space. Today he is covering the ongoing drama with SQM in the Atacama desert, which can affect Elon Musk with Tesla Gigafactory, which is growing up very fas tnow into the largest production facility in the world in the middle of Nevada desert.
 
 

 

Lithium Race In "War On Pollution": Investors Swarming Lithium Battery Market In China.





I continue to map the fast changing landscape for Lithium Battery business. Today we can start to add more Megafactories to the list. Tesla Gigafactory is being chased not only by Warren Buffet with BYD, but other well established players that we have discussed before: LG Chem, BYD, Foxconn, Boston Power and A123. Today we can start to dig out 17 new players in lithium battery space. I think that in the end we will have very similar situation to the Solar Panels - lithium batteries will become a commodity and price will drop dramatically. For my personal Holy Grail we need $100 per kWh - it will bring us my magic 20/200: $20k electric car with 200 miles range.
In the end we will have the overcapacity built and consolidation in the lithium battery space, but for now: the more - the better! State-level government policy to build new strategic industry: electric cars, brings its fruits already and new stimulus money which are fighting stock market collapse are sipping in the incredibly high growth lithium space.
The best players will be rising faster with this tide and Ganfeng Lithium is very well positioned for this growth. Ganfeng is building vertically integrated lithium business with International Lithium as strategic partner to develop the secure supply of lithium. Ganfeng newly built facility with 6,000 t/y of Lithium Hydroxide capacity is ready to supply this rapidly growing demand for high purity battery grade lithium. China now controls 75% of Lithium Hydroxide battery grade production facilities in the world. Prices are already going up even before all these Gigafactories will be coming on-line. Joe Lowry will be your best guide into the building shortages in the lithium market and a lot of broken dreams and promises in this industry. He forecasts the dramatic 150% rise in Lithium Demand over next 10 years and Apple Electric iCar is not even accounted for!
Ganfeng has bought a small Chinese mobile lithium battery maker last year and has secured 10% stake in revamped Boston Power, which is building its own Megafactory in China now. Check out our latest news from both J/V projects of International Lithium financed by Ganfeng in Argentina and Ireland.
"War on Pollution" and state-level plan are driving this incredible advance in technological leap into post carbon world by China now. Leapfrog into EV space mass production is happening already. Not a lot of people realise that Warren Buffet is one of the major players now in China with his BYD investment and Elon Musk talks Tesla production in China while building Superchargers Network. It will charge the mass market with Tesla Model 3 rolling out in 2018. Apple iCar will change our landscape overnight and connection with Foxconn can be a very interesting twist to the whole story. Ganfeng Lithium already supplies LG Chem, BYD, Boston Power and Panasonic which supplies cells to Tesla Motors and investing in Tesla Gigafactory. International Lithium new aggressive stage of development will bring us closer to potential production for this well established top lithium materials producer in the world.







Joe Lowry - Lithium Supply & Demand: Origins, Growth and Investment.



Joe Lowry has published another brilliant piece on the state of lithium industry, exploding demand and very sober outlook for the supply side. Joe brings more than twenty years of deep inside technical knowledge in this very opaque market place and knows almost all major lithium producers by "kicking all the tires" of their field operations. Lithium race is upon us and President Obama opens the new chapter for the sustainable clean economy. Where lithium will come from?




International Lithium Corp. Reports on Continuing Work in Argentina and Ireland With Ganfeng Lithium.


Mr. Kirill Klip, President, International Lithium Corp. comments, "Our projects are advancing in tandem with rising lithium prices. The lithium supply chain is being stressed even before the commissioning of the Tesla Gigafactory and other megafactories from BYD, Foxconn, Boston Power and LG Chem. Our joint ventures with Ganfeng Lithium demonstrate that cooperation between companies with varying expertise in the raw materials supply chain can work to secure a supply of strategic commodities. In this case, lithium which is necessary for the clean energy initiatives announced by the U.S. and China. These two countries alone will provide mass markets for electric cars and home energy storage units increasing the demand for lithium batteries."





 

Joe Lowry:


SQM - down but (hopefully...) not out in the Atacama

SQM's earnings release for the first six months of the year was earlier this week. I will focus on their lithium results rather than the entire business; however it is hard to write about the company without first mentioning the myriad of problems they currently face - from the scandal that forced the firing of the CEO to the lawsuit with CORFO and the uncertainty surrounding their lithium concession. Times are tough for SQM. The number of distractions clearly has had a negative impact on the overall business.

After reading the earnings press release this morning I felt compelled to Tweet the following:

Focusing on lithium results, it is hard to understand why SQM continues to produce so far below their stated annual capacity of 48K MT of lithium carbonate. Despite a shortage in the market, SQM's volume was down June YTD vs the prior year period:

Like their neighbors on the Atacama (ALB) SQM talks about growing demand and rising prices - so why are they producing so far below capacity? Certainly rain in the Atacama and a brief port strike does not fully explain the low sales volume - 17.6 MT of LCE in the first half. The implied half year capacity utilization is less than 75% at a time when global demand is beginning to strain global supply.

The global supply gap currently has to be filled by high cost capacity in China. SQM has long said they "reinject more lithium back into their salar each year than the world uses". Really? Why not at least produce your stated capacity when your cash cost is less than half your "Middle Kingdom" competitors?

So what is the problem in the Atacama? I am not completely certain of the answer - it is likely a combination of factors but I believe there are more than climatic, political and legal issues involved. For the past couple of years there have been rumors about changes in the impurity profile of the brine and resulting processing issues which seem to have lowered effective capacity substantially. I have personally had calls from Asia asking me if I knew why SQM was having a difficult time delivering product on time. I didn't have a good answer to an excellent question.

Despite lower volumes, higher pricing enabled the lithium business to provide approximately $30 million of gross margin on $100 million in sales from January to June. SQM only participates in a narrow range of lithium product lines - lithium carbonate and low end hydroxide on a global basis and a niche business of selling partially treated lithium chloride brine solution to Ganfeng Lithium in China as a feedstock. Their limited focus is a good strategy for them in my opinion.

Put in perspective vs a "Big 3" competitor, SQM had similar lithium sales revenue compared to FMC in the first half of this year. SQM's $100 million was $10 million less than FMC yet SQM's margin performance was ~$20 million higher than FMC's ~$10 million half year EBIT.

SQM's new CEO Patricio de Solminihac has been with the company for many years. He is the most experienced and, in my opinion, the most knowledgeable lithium executive among the "Big 3" lithium producers. I first met Mr. de Solminihac in 1997. Over the years, I have watched him out outplay his main competitors on a consistent basis.

Assuming the powerful forces that seek to break-up SQM don't succeed, I like SQM's long term potential in lithium and their other businesses. Despite the stated concerns about their recent lithium production performance, I think SQM is an undervalued asset. Lithium is a small part of their portfolio. It is not my role to give investment advice but in the interest of full disclosure, I am an actively buying the stock especially at prices below $15.¨